Recent advances in generative artificial intelligence in just a few months have shed light on the impact of automation on our current reality and the future it is shaping. This in turn raises a fundamental question: what role will our descendants play in the coming AI-driven future?
Traditionally, machines have been largely limited to analytical tasks. However, the AI landscape is shifting due to model enhancements, wider access to novel datasets, and the growing effectiveness of advanced hardware, resulting in significant advances in predicting healthcare, food and hunger, education, and climate, among others. discovery.
Insilico Medicine is a Hong Kong-based biotech company that has been harnessing the power of artificial intelligence to revolutionize the treatment of debilitating diseases for several years. A potential drug discovered through its artificial intelligence platform has entered phase 2 clinical trials for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Throughout the preclinical drug discovery process, Insilico leverages generative artificial intelligence at every juncture.
In another example, researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital have developed a novel artificial intelligence-based tool that can detect Alzheimer’s disease with nearly 90 percent accuracy in routinely collected brain imaging.
new and old
Had Insilico stuck to traditional methods, the effort would have cost more than $400 million and took more than six years. Yet, harnessing the power of generative artificial intelligence, Insilico has achieved the same feat at a fraction of the cost and time—advancing it to Phase 1 clinical trials just two and a half years after launching.
This highlights why we should care about AI and why we should care about who controls it.
The latest AI Index from Tortoise Global, designed to assess the dominance of the US and China in AI, reaffirms that the US is the undisputed frontrunner, with China hot on its heels.
It is equally valuable to highlight countries such as Singapore, Israel, Switzerland, etc. that are doing well in terms of AI intensity. For these countries, artificial intelligence is not just a concept, it is a strategic necessity to overcome demographic challenges and stimulate substantial growth in productivity.
Curiously, however, India ranks 14th on the list despite our relatively low rankings in areas such as infrastructure, investment and R&D. Our position in the top 15 rests entirely on one attribute — our exceptional AI talent. This strategic competitive advantage becomes all the more important in an era when AI’s potential to boost productivity is paramount.
While India ranks 1st in the OECD for AI skills penetration, and was recently also ranked 1st and 5th in AI talent concentration and AI scientific publications, we need to shift the conversation from AI talent to developing “Artificial Intelligence Generation”.
It is time for India to engineer a transformative watershed in its talent strategy.
To unleash the full potential of the AI generation, we recommend a three-level pyramid framework: “few,” “many,” and “all.”
* Tier 1 – “FEW” addresses the urgent needs of nearly a million top AI professionals (from developers to analysts) around the world. How do we ensure that every AI professional at this layer has the skills to deliver accelerated efficiency and performance?
*Tier 2: “A lot” – Empowering the white-collar workforce with the skills to use AI tools discreetly to improve productivity across sectors. Provides training in domain fundamentals, use of AI tools, and responsible AI.
*Finally, “All”—the billion+ AI-literate citizens—envisions an entire generation of AI-literate citizens who can confidently use AI tools to their advantage.
Innovative thinking and fostering broad collaboration can make it all happen.
Controlling the AI talent supply has made India the AI hub of the world. India’s influence in the global artificial intelligence field is not a question of “if”, but a question of “when”.
The author is the chairman of NASSCOM